The authorization to implement fire protection measures in accordance with the Rules on training employees for fire protection and training of persons responsible for the implementation of fire protection measures comprises the authorization for the following actions:
- Organizing and implementation of fire protection training;
- Preparing the fire rules, fire plan and evacuation plan;
- Implementation of other fire protection measures.
Fire protection training in accordance with these rules include:
- Training of employees for protection against fire;
- Training and examination of capacity of persons qualified for fire fighting;
- Training of persons responsible for extinguishing small fires and evacuation;
- Training of security guards and operators in security monitoring centres (hereinafter referred to as: VNC), which carry out fire protection;
- Other trainings if it so determined by special rules.
The fire rules are established on the basis of the Rules on Fire Rules, which requires that the fire rules must be drafted by the owners or users of the commercial, industrial or residential facility (with the exception of single-unit housing or two-unit dwellings).
The following shall be determined in the fire rules:
- The organization of fire protection, in particular the duties and responsibilities of employees, visitors, guests and residents in the prevention of fire,
- Fire protection measures required by the working or living conditions, as well as the method and control of the implementation of these measures,
- The instructions for acting in the event of fire, especially tasks, responsibilities and procedures for an intervention by employees, visitors, guests or residents at the start of the fire, and the tasks and responsibilities of employees and residents after the fire,
- The types and methods of training employees and residents.
Mandatory annexes to fire rules are:
- Extract of fire rules,
- Instructions for individuals,
- Fire protection plan (for commercial, industrial, residential and other premises where the fire hazard is medium, medium to increased, high or very high),
- Evacuation plan (for hospitals, nursing homes, schools, hotels and other facilities intended for guest accommodation, and for facilities where temporarily more than 100 people can gather at once; the evacuation plan must be present in each room or area where people can gather),
- Record sheets of regular inspections and maintenance and servicing of equipment and resources for fire protection,
- Record sheets of employee training for fire protection,
- Record sheets of fires, explosions, fire interventions and damage occurred,
- Check-lists in the field of fire protection (lightning installation, heating appliances…).
A fire plan is a graphical representation of the layout of the facility and its parts with marked hazards as well as systems, devices and resources for preventive and active fire protection with which to reduce the risk of fire and provide effective extinguishing if a fire occurs. It is intended for users of the building, fire-fighters and other rescue workers.
The owner or user of the facility must deliver a copy of a signed fire plan to the fire department which performs the public fire service in the area of the facility.
The owner or user may, before making a fire plan, ask the competent fire department to advise him in the making of the fire plan.
The evacuation plan must be drawn in scale, usually in A4 or A3 format or in a format which allows the transparency of graphical symbols.
The labelling of equipment, devices and other resources for fire protection and built-in systems for active fire protection systems should take into account the provisions on graphical signs used in annexes to fire plans.
The fire plan must include a presentation of the facility’s position within the surrounding area and a display of fire safety of the facility.
The presentation of the facility’s position within the surrounding area must include information on:
- Location and purpose of all facilities on site;
- The level of the fire load;
- Intervention routes and designated locations for fire-fighters and other rescue workers;
- High- and low-voltage tension lines and devices;
- Gas pipelines or circuits with fire-hazardous substances;
- Hydrant networks and other water resources for extinguishing;
- Presence of hazardous substances and areas with risk of explosion;
- Storage rooms for fire fighting equipment and tools.
The display of the fire safety of the facility must include the following information in the plans of individual floors:
- Borders of fire sectors;
- Openings in walls and ceilings with barrings;
- Access routes;
- Evacuation paths and stairways;
- Particularly fire-hazardous areas;
- Areas, where water may not be used for fire extinguishing;
- Areas, where radiation is present;
- Electric transformers and devices for energy supply and switches for these devices;
- Pressure equipment;
- Location of the gas shut off valve;
- Built-in systems of active fire protection, equipment and other agents for fire protection;
- Possibilities of an internal attack.
Depending on the size and structure of the facility, fire plans can be prepared for individual parts of floors with threats drawn in.
An evacuation plan is a graphical representation of the facility or parts of the facility with data showing the possibility of an orderly movement of occupants to a safe place in case of fire or other emergencies. The plan must include: positions of individual rooms or a single space or a location point, an escape route, a collection point, the places with installed devices, equipment and extinguishers and the position of manual fire detectors.
The evacuation plan must be posted in every room or area where according to the intended use of the facility people collect or frequent.
In hotel rooms and other rooms intended for guest accommodation the evacuation plan must be accompanied by measures to take in case of fire written in Slovenian, English and German. In areas where members of the autochthonous Italian and Hungarian national communities are living these instructions must also be written in the language of the national community.
Owners or users using the same facility must harmonize their evacuation plans.
The evacuation plan must be drawn in scale, usually in A4 or A3 format or in a format which allows for clear readability of graphical characters. The labelling of equipment, devices and other resources for fire protection and built-in systems for active fire protection systems should take into account the provisions on graphical signs used in annexes to fire plans.