Fire system maintenance is prescribed by the Fire Protection Act and the Rules on the Inspection and Testing of Built-in Systems of Active Fire Protection (AEP).
The systems of active fire protection system must be maintained and serviced regularly in accordance with applicable legislation. It must be ensured that they are built-in in accordance with the instructions and recommendations from the equipment manufacturer and provide proper and smooth performance. The owner or user of the fire system is responsible for all of the following listed measures:
- Obtaining the Certificate on faultless operation of the built-in system of active fire protection prior to use and after its reconstruction, by an authorized institution,
- Renewal of the “Certificate on faultless operation of the built-in system of active fire protection” every 5 or 2 years,
- Regular maintenance of the fire protection system according to the manufacturer’s instructions; most manufacturers of fire protection systems recommends routine maintenance every 3 months, and it can only be performed by authorized service or equipment maintenance staff. The maintenance is carried out on the basis of a maintenance contract.
A regular three-month maintenance of fire systems generally includes:
- Review of the service books,
- Inspection of the fire system performance as a whole,
- Fire central control panel inspection,
- Inspection of the backup power supply system status,
- Visual inspection of the elements of the system,
- A test of at least a quarter of detectors (inspection of all detectors within one year),
- False alarm review and a detection of possible causes (critical elements and their sensitivity)
… And a detailed specification of the regular three-month review:
- Visual inspection and a functional test of central control panels (a control of all sound and light indicators on the central control panel, a review of all records on the tape of the central control panel, operation check performed on 220V mains voltage only, operation check performed on backup power supply of 24V only),
- Battery capacity test (measurement of the load electric current and voltage),
- A test of detector lines (testing 1/4 of all detectors in the entire system. Appropriately activate each detector and simultaneously check the light indicator on the detector and the eventual separate light indicator),
- A test of control lines and switch-offs,
- Inspection and testing of alarm sirens,
- A test of signal transmission to a remote location,
- Visual inspection of the entire fire extinguishing system (availability, possible mechanical damage, possible corrosion, inspection of pressure on the built-in manometers…)
- A test of electrical work performance (activation of the electro-magnetic valve, sirens, unlocking the door and testing of detectors),
- Inspection of mechanical work (inspection of extinguisher nozzles; if it is determined that they are stained, they are to be cleaned,
- and, if necessary, the pipeline is blown-out), inspection of the cylinder tightness (every 6 months),
- Regular maintenance works on the systems if necessary.
The content and the items of regular maintenance works can be adapted to the specific wishes and needs of the customer as well as additional attention can be paid to specific features and elements of their system.
The owner’s or user’s authorized person who is familiar with the operation of the system and is technically qualified, is required, in case of any irregularities in the functioning of the system (fire central control panels), to log such irregularities in the service file, which is located at fire central control panel, and immediately inform the customer service hotline (00 386 1 831 74 52) on duty to resolve the error as soon as possible. All information on regular maintenance is also entered in the service file.